Facts of El Salvador

El Salvador gained their independence from Spain in 1821.

El Salvador has 307 km of coastline on the Central American Federation. In 1979 a twelve year civil war began. The war ended in 1992 when the rebels and the government signed a treaty that provided military and political reforms.

  • El Salvador is in Central America located between Honduras and Guatemala.

  • El Salvador has 21,040 sq. km of total land and water it has 20,720 sq. km of land and 320 sq. km of water.


Weather


El Salvador has two seasons. One season, called the dry season, starts in November and ends in April. The other season, named the rainy season, starts in May and ends in October. The average temperature in El Salvador is between 29 degrees Centigrade and 19 degrees Centigrade.
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Population

The population of El Salvador is approximately 7,066,403, 35.8% of the population are children aged 0-14, 59% are between the ages of 15 and 64. Only 5.2% of the people in El Salvador are over 65. The life expectancy is 72 years of age. The national language of El Salvador is Spanish and the national religion is Roman Catholic, however there are a lot of Protestant Evangelicals.
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El Salvador Birth rate:
Birth rate: 25.72 births/1,000 population (2008)
Year
Birth rate
Rank
Percent Change
Date of Information
2003
27.9
68

2003
2004
27.04
69
-3.08 %
2004
2005
27.04
69
0.00 %
2005
2006
26.61
70
-1.59 %
2006
2007
26.13
70
-1.80 %
2007
2008
25.72
70
-1.57 %
2008

The education level of El Salvador has decreased over time, more students drop out of school because
of lazyness, or because their parents tell them to drop out, or even because they have to work.
Parents in El Salvador ask their sons and daughters to work asking for money. The poverty
level in El Salvador decreases the chances of getting a good education and so most of the students can not afford
to go to a good school, although the education level is normal for public schools most students decide not to
go and to help in the house, work or ask for money instead.

El Salvador mortality rate:
Infant mortality rate: total: 22.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 25.06 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)



Year
Infant mortality rate
Rank
Percent Change
Date of Information
2003
26.75
101

2003 est.
2004
25.1
96
-6.17 %
2004 est.
2005
25.1
97
0.00 %
2005 est.
2006
24.39
97
-2.83 %
2006 est.
2007
22.88
98
-6.19 %
2007 est.
2008
22.19
99
-3.02 %
2008 est.



Transportation

There are 65 airports in El Salvador but only 1 is international. There is also 1 heliport and some railways. There is also a waterway, called the Rio Lempa which is only partially navigable.

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