EL SALVADOR HISTORY
Independence:
Before this land was discovered the Pipils and Mayas lived here they were a tribe, descendants of Aztecs and talk Nahuat.
Before the independence El Salvador as many other Central America countries were ruled by Spanish, as they conquered this regions in 1524 Pedro de Alvarado wanted to subjugate El Salvador but they were defeated by the Pipils. In 1525 Pedro de Alvarado returned but this time they defeated the Pipils and make el Salvador one more Spanish colonies.

El Salvador join the Central American Federation formed by the general Manuel Jose Arce after the independence he was named captain of El Salvador’s army, in 1810 they demanded they wanted there independence, from Spanish crown. The independence movement merged on November 5, 1811. The bells of the church were sounded by the priest which Jose Matias Delgado which was one of the people that worked hard for El Salvador’s independence. The act of independence was signed the 15 of September of 1821, it was not in El Salvador it was signed in Guatemala.

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Manuel Jose Arce

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José Matias Delgado
Priest
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EL SALVADOR’S SPANISH COLONIZATION

Spanish Colonization in El Salvador took place in 1492 when Christopher Columbus arrived at the Americas thinking it was the Asian Indies. When he arrived he started to try to trade slaves and other things with Spain in exchange of gold. When the Spanish arrived, El Salvador was habited mostly by the Pipil tribe. The pipils were a group of people known as the Nahua that had gone to Central America in about 3000 B.C. The Spanish forces that invaded Central America were lead by Pedro de Alvarado. When this forces arrived, the pipils refused to leave their countries.

The Spanish had come to Central America in search of gold, and other precious metals. They were disappointed when they found out that the colony they had named El Salvador because there was very little gold available. They tried and tried to find gold but after a while they realized that the resource of El Salvador was the abundant amount of land.

The way of paying of the Pipils used to be cacao seeds. Cacao seeds was what they used for buying things instead of the dolar like now on the 21st century. Later on, ‘el colon’ was introduced and replaced the cacao seeds.

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HURRICANES IN EL SALVADOR

IN EL SALVADOR THERE HASNT BEEN MUCH HURRICANES WHICH HAVE AFFECTED THE COUNTRY BADLY RECENTLY OR OF A HIGH CATEGORY. IN 1982 HURRICANE PAUL STROKE EL SALVADOR, IT WAS CATEGORY 2, and IT MADE A DAMAGE OF $ 70 MILLION DOLLARS!, IT LASTED ABOUT 12 DAYS. THE HURRICANE GERT CAME AND MADE A HUGE DAMAGE OF $166 MILLION DOLLARS, AND A CATEGORY 2 ALSO, BUT GERT MADE MORE DAMAGES THAN PAUL. BUT FOURTANTLEY ONLY 4 PEOPLE IN EL SALVADOR DIED. GERT REMAINED SO MANY TIME NEAR THE COAST THAT IT RE-STREBGTHED OFTEN AND MADE MORE DAMAGE. HOWEVER THE WORST HURRICANE STROKE IN 1998.
THE HURRICANE WAS NAMED MITCH, BEING CATEGORY 5, WITH WINDS OF 180MPH. MITCH DIDN’T ONLY CAUSE TRAGEDIES IN EL SALVADOR, BUT IN SEVERAL COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AMERICA, FLORIDA AND THE CARRIBEAN SEA. THIS CAUSED FLOODING AND MUDSLIDES, RIO LEMPA WAS OVERFLOODED AS WELL AS RIO GRANDE DE SAN MIGUEL LEAVING ABOUT 59,000 PEOPLE HOMELESS. 500,000 PEOPLE HAD TO EVACUATE.
THE FLOODING DESTROYED 37% OF THE BEAN PRODUCTION, 19% OF THE CORN PRODUCTION, AND 20% LOSSES IN SUGAR CANES. IN 2005 HURRICANE ADRIAN HAD FORMED BUT DIDN’T MAKE SUCH A PROBLEM AS MITCH, ADRIAN WAS A CATEGORY 1 HURRICANE WHICH IS THE LOWEST CATEGORY WHICH MADE A MINIMAL DAMAGE.
IN CONCLUSION BIG HURRICANES AS MITCH MADE ALOT OF LOSS IN EL SALVADOR COSTING ALOT OF MONEY THE REBUILDING AND REPLACING FURNITURE OR HOUSES. BUT THERE HAVENT BEEN MUCH HURRICANES OF A HIGH CATEGORY BECAUSE THERE ARE MOUNTAINS THAT WEAKEN THE STRENGTH OF THE HURRICANE.

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Mudslide in San Juancinto
Mudslide in San Juancinto



CIVIL WAR IN EL SALVADOR

El Salvador’s problem started in 1800s when the national wealth came from coffee (95%). But the Farabundo Marti formed the Central American Socialist Party know as FMLN or the guerilla, they put the people against the government, they killed innocent people and made big crimes, during the 1970s the tension increased and led the civil war, there was more presence of guerilla. In 1980 the war officially started.
They also were know as the matanza or la massacre.They were very dangerous, they left 75,000 people dead. The country was not any safer, but they arrested Farabundo Marti and he was put to death.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Salvador
http://www.world66.com/centralamericathecaribbean/elsalvador/history
http://countrystudies.us/el-salvador/4.htm